Skin Care for Individuals Over 40

This article discusses skin care and includes the cellular process of skin aging, causal factors for skin aging, and ways to prevent skin aging.

Skin care is rapidly becoming a topic of interest for both women and men. Advances in technology have been able to proffer information about aesthetic preservation that simply was not available in the past. When understanding how to optimally care for the skin, it becomes important to understand many of the biophysical influences of skin aging. There are certain factors in the skin aging process that can’t be controlled: loss of fat below the facial skin; bone loss, mostly around the chin and mouth; and cartilage loss in the nose. The loss of elastin and collagen in older skin causes it to become fragile, slack and dry. The thinning of the epidermis causes skin to become more transparent, and thinner blood vessel walls cause easy bruising. The loss of sweat and oil glands also cause dry skin and wrinkles (ashford, LeCroy and Lortie,).

Causal Factors for Skin Deterioration

Some factors that can be controlled are: exposure to the sun, smoking, stress, facial movement and the way a person sleeps. For some people, especially those whose jobs are outdoors, it is not possible to avoid exposure to the sun, but they can use a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher and wear protective clothing, including hats and sunglasses.

Smoking not only causes wrinkles, but it produces free radicals in the body which also contribute to aging skin. Excessive frowning will increase the wrinkles in the forehead area and between the eyes. Sleep creases are caused from the way the head is positioned on the pillow and can result in increase wrinkles at the temples and in the middle of the cheeks.

It is important to hydrate both body and atmosphere. Along with drinking plenty of water, make sure there is plenty of moisture in the air. A humidifier would help add moisture, especially during the winter months and for those living in dry climates.

Skin Care and the Importance of Moisturizing

The vast selection of moisturizers and skin creams on the market make it very difficult to choose the right ones. Dry skin usually responds better to oil-based moisturizers rather than water-based moisturizers. Products which contain olive oil, avocado oil, argon oil or almond oil not only moisturize the face, but should be used on the entire body. Also look for lotions that contain humectants, substances that will attract moisture to the skin, and lipids, substances that not only protect the skin from outside influences, but have an anti-inflammatory effect. Remember to moisturize the entire body, this includes hair and lips. If you are struggling with skin conditions try a eczema gel from Grahams Natural!

It is important to avoid using masks and peels that are clay based. Rather, look for ones that are deeply hydrating. Alcohol-based toners and astringents should not be used.

Hot water breaks down the lipid barriers in the skin, which in turn can lead to a loss of moisture. So it is practical to take warm baths/showers and limit the time spent in them.